12 countries openly supported the proposal. (symbolic)
Amidst the Israel-Hamas war, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has approved a resolution demanding to stop the war in Gaza. According to the information, 12 countries openly supported this proposal brought during the special session on Wednesday. Whereas America, Russia and Britain did not participate in the voting.
In this new UNSC resolution, a demand has been made to follow international humanitarian law for humanitarian aid in Gaza. Along with this, a demand has also been made for special security for children. However, this proposal does not appeal to Israel to stop the attacks. Let us tell you that China and Russia want an immediate ceasefire between Israel and Gaza.
limited to calls for a humanitarian pause
But the final draft limited the issue to a call for a humanitarian pause. It also weakened the demand by Hamas and other groups for the immediate and unconditional release of all hostages. There is no mention of ceasefire in the proposal. It also does not mention the Hamas attack on Israel on October 7. During this period, terrorists killed about 1,200 people and took about 240 others hostage.
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Nor does the resolution cite Israel’s retaliatory airstrikes and ground assault on Hamas-ruled Gaza, which Gaza’s health ministry says have killed more than 11,000 Palestinians, two-thirds of them women and children .
propose an amendment before the vote
Russia proposed an amendment to the resolution before the vote, which would have called for a permanent humanitarian ceasefire. But it was rejected by a 5-1 vote with nine abstentions as it failed to get the minimum nine votes (yes). But the Malta-sponsored resolution brought together 15 members of the UN’s most powerful body in their first response to the ongoing war in Gaza with devastating humanitarian consequences.
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The proposal states that all parties should follow their obligations under international law. UN Security Council resolutions are legally binding, but in practice, many countries choose to ignore Council requests for action.
The matter between China and Russia
Richard Gowan, UN director of the International Crisis Group, said the Security Council has called for ceasefires with little or no impact in wars from the Balkans to Syria. The Security Council, which is responsible for maintaining international peace and security, has been paralyzed by its internal divisions since the war began. This is especially the case between China and Russia, who want an immediate ceasefire. and the United States, which has called for a humanitarian pause but objects to any mention of a cease-fire, which its close ally Israel strongly opposes.
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The resolution calls for a humanitarian pause and corridors for sufficient days in the Gaza Strip to receive water, electricity, fuel, food and medical supplies by the United Nations, the Red Cross and other aid groups. It said the disruptions should also allow for essential infrastructure repairs and enable immediate rescue and recovery efforts.
Russia and China vetoed
In four previous attempts for Security Council approval, a Brazil-drafted resolution was vetoed by the US, a US-drafted resolution was vetoed by Russia and China and two Russian-drafted resolutions failed to get the minimum number of votes. Had failed. After the fourth failure, frustrated Arab nations turned to the 193-member General Assembly and succeeded in securing broad approval of a resolution calling for a humanitarian ceasefire in Gaza, aimed at ending hostilities between Israel and Hamas. This was the United Nations’ first response to the war. But unlike Security Council resolutions, General Assembly resolutions are not legally binding.