The first Test match in cricket history was played between Australia and England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in which the host team won.
Image Credit source: ICC Photo
New Delhi: Currently three formats are played in cricket and these are- Test, ODI and T20. The oldest of these formats is Test cricket. Test cricket was started in 1877 on this day i.e. 15th March. And the first Test match was played between England and Australia. This match was played between March 15 and March 19 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Even before this, though many matches were played but they did not get Test status. This match got the status of Test and since then Test cricket started again.
In 1877, the England team was on a tour of Australia, but even before that the England team had played cricket matches on the tour of Australia and New Zealand. But these matches were not named as Test matches. In 1844, cricket matches were also played between America and Canada, but those matches did not officially get the status of Test matches. Test matches started in 1877 and then this game went on progressing day by day.
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Australia showed strength
At that time there was no limit to Test matches, that is, it was not decided for how long these matches would last. The first official Test, however, lasted five days. Australia batted first in this match and scored 245 runs. For him, Charles Bannerman played an innings of 165 runs and then he retired hurt. Apart from him, no other Australian batsman could score a half-century. With this, Charles became the player to score the first century in the history of Test cricket. In the first innings for England, Alfred Shaw and James Southerton took three wickets each.
England had scored only 196 runs in their first innings. Harry Japp had played an inning of 63 runs for him. Harry Charlwood scored 36 and Alan Hill scored 35 runs. Billy Midwinter took five wickets for Australia. Tom Garrett took two wickets in his name.
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Australia collapsed in the second innings
In the second innings, the Australian team landed with a lead of 49 runs. But his batsmen could not do anything special in this innings and the whole team was bundled out for just 104 runs. Tom Horan scored the maximum 20 runs for him in the second innings. Only four batsmen of the team could reach double digits. Alfred took five wickets in this innings for England. George Ullet was successful in taking three wickets.
England needed 154 runs to win but this team was bundled out for just 108 runs. John Selby scored the maximum 38 runs for him. George played an inning of 24 runs. Tom Kendall took seven wickets for Australia. John Hedges earned two successes.
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