2023 will be remembered for the successful hosting of G20.
2023 is now bidding farewell. The new year is ready to arrive. Which will bring new challenges, new destinations, new opportunities and new achievements for us. From January 1, 2024, this year 2023 will be a history, but such a history which has registered the name of India in golden letters. Not just one or two, but India created many such paradigms in 2023 which became an example for the world. G20 was also one of these. The world stage where the real game of diplomacy is played. India not only won the hearts of the world by successfully organizing the summit, but also showed the whole world that we are no less than anyone.
G20 is the world’s largest forum, its member countries have control over 85 percent of the world’s GDP and 75 percent of trade. That is why this event was very important. This was challenging for India also because when India got its presidency, the situation in the world was not good. The war between Russia and Ukraine had started, in which there was a conflict between the West and Russia. Apart from this, a kind of cold war was also going on between China and America. The world economy was struggling with the impact of Covid. All eyes were on India, the country gave wings to the expectations of the world, infused new hope and won the hearts of the world by giving the message of peace and harmony in New Delhi on 9 and 10 September. Here the G20 member countries were brought together on the lines of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam and achieved success in concluding many global agreements.
Chairmanship was received from Indonesia
India will be given the presidency of G20 in 2022. In November, Indonesian President Joko Widodo handed over the presidency of G20 to PM Modi. On December 1, 2022, India officially took over the presidency of this largest international forum and discussed every major issue of the world in the next 10 months. India celebrated the presidency of G20. This was a proud moment for India, hence about 200 meetings of G20 were held in 60 major cities of India, after which the summit was organized in New Delhi on 9 and 10 September.
Discussion on solution rather than problem
Different meetings were held in India regarding G20 and in these, along with business, topics like culture and environment were also given prominence. Not only the problem was discussed, but emphasis was also given on the solution. India coined a new definition of Presidency and expanded it instead of keeping the summit limited to just one city or one corner of the country. G20 summit meetings were held in major cities of all 28 states of the country. This gave the world an opportunity to understand and know about India. The diversity including culture and food here expanded.
Hosting one lakh guests from 125 countries
India created a new history by chairing the G20. The country hosted more than 1 lakh guests from 125 countries throughout the year. With its success, India made the world aware of its logistics, communication skills, hospitality as well as infrastructure. When the summit was held on 9 and 10 September, 29 specially invited countries and 11 international organizations were invited. Apart from the member countries, United Arab Emirates, Bangladesh, Oman, Spain, Egypt, Mauritius, Netherlands, Nigeria and Singapore were also invited.
seal on joint manifesto
India had kept the theme of G20 as One Family, One Earth, One Future, this was also visible in the summit, amidst all the challenges, India succeeded in agreeing on a common declaration on the very first day. This was a big success for India because this could not happen in Indonesia before. This manifesto was neither overshadowed by the Ukraine war nor by the maneuverings of any other country.
African Union welcomed, recognized on the world stage
The biggest success of the G20 was the inclusion of the African Union. India itself had proposed to include this union of 54 countries in G20. It was believed that the member countries might not be ready for this, but India proved the slogan of Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas and made G20 stronger by preparing all the countries for this. India made its mark on the world stage through the G20 Summit. Even during the G20 summit, PM Modi held bilateral meetings with not just one but 16 countries, which is a record in itself. Apart from US President Joe Biden, these included Germany, Brazil, Korea, Nigeria, Britain, Italy, France, Canada, Mauritius, Bangladesh and Japan.
Issues agreed upon
Consensus was reached on many major issues in G20. Apart from condemning terrorism, a Global Biofuel Alliance was started. Apart from India, America and Brazil participated in this. Other countries supported it. Apart from this, along with making crypto currency a global policy, there was agreement on Middle East and Europe Economic Corridor. In this, UAE, Europe, France, Italy, Germany and America will be linked to each other. There were many issues including cyber security on which the talks were successful.
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