World Hindi Day 2022: World Hindi Day (World Hindi Day) is celebrated every year on 10 January. The ultimate aim of this day is to celebrate the greatness of Hindi language. The World Hindi Day celebration was started by the former Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh on January 10, 2006. Since then World Hindi Day is celebrated every year on 10 January. The purpose of celebrating this day is to spread awareness for the promotion and spread of Hindi language in the world. Various programs including essay competitions are organized around the world on the occasion of World Hindi Day.
In 1975, the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi inaugurated the first World Hindi Conference. Since 1975, World Hindi Conference was organized in various countries like India, Mauritius, United Kingdom, Trinidad and Tobago, United States of America. Let us tell you, World Hindi Day was first celebrated on January 10, 2006. Since then it is celebrated as World Hindi Day every year on 10 January.
Know, the history and purpose of World Hindi Day
World Hindi Day is observed annually on 10 January to mark the anniversary of the first World Hindi Conference held in 1975. The first World Hindi Conference was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Various countries such as the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Mauritius, Trinidad and Tobago have organized the World Hindi Conference since 1975. Whereas World Hindi Day was celebrated for the first time on 10 January 2006 by former Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh and since then 10 January is celebrated as a special day every year to promote it as a global language. Its purpose is to create awareness for the promotion of Hindi in the world and to present Hindi as an international language. Indian embassies abroad organize special programs on this day. Lectures , on various subjects are organized in all government offices.
Difference between National Hindi Day and World Hindi Day
There is confusion among many people regarding Hindi Day and World Hindi Day. The purpose of both the days is to spread the word of Hindi language. While National Hindi Day is celebrated on 14 September, World Hindi Day is celebrated on 10 January.
After the independence of India, there was a big question about the language because in a country full of diversity like India, many types of languages and dialects are spoken. After much deliberation, Hindi and English were chosen as the languages of the new nation.
The Constituent Assembly accepted Hindi written in Devanagari script as the official language of the nation along with the British. On 14 September 1949, the Constituent Assembly unanimously elected Hindi as the official language of India. The first Hindi Day was celebrated on 14 September 1953.
Know, historical and interesting things related to Hindi
1. The Hindi language has changed a lot over time. The Hindi we speak today is considered to have started from 1900 AD. It is derived from the degeneration of the Sanskrit language. Historians believe that the first composition , is Khuman Raso in 1000 AD. After which Bisaldev Raso and Prithviraj Raso were composed over time.
2. Although even after this Hindi was not the language of the common people. Hindi language got its real identity after 1450, when Guru Nanak Dev, Raidas, Surdas and Kabir started writing poems ,. During this time Kabir’s Bani, Surdas’s Sursagar and Ramcharit Manas composed by Goswami Tulsidas in 1633 AD became famous.
3. The first prose in the Hindi we speak today was written by Bhartendu Harishchandra. Historians consider him the father of modern Hindi. He edited the magazines Bal Vibodhini, Harishchandra Patrika and Kavivachan Sudha.
4. On the other hand, Indumati, written by Kishorilal Goswami in 1900 AD, was the first such composition, which was completely written , Khari Boli. It is still taught prominently in school colleges today.
5. Today Hindi language is taught and taught in more than 30 countries of the world, teaching centers are open for it in about 100 universities.
6. There is an island country named Fiji in the South Pacific Ocean region, where Hindi has the status of an official language.
7. Apart from this, Hindi is spoken and understood in Mauritius, Philippines, Nepal, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad, Tibet and Pakistan but with some changes.
8. The first spoken Hindi film Alam Ara was screened on 14 March 1931. The director of this film was Ardeshir Irani.
9. In the year 1918, Mahatma Gandhi had asked to make Hindi language the national language in the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan. Hindi was also called the language of the people by Gandhiji.
10. Today the importance of Hindi has increased so much that the United Nations has also made a website , and also broadcasts radio ,. At the same time, the US State Department communicates , every week on contemporary issues.
first published:Jan. 10, 2022, 10:40 a.m.