Union Minister of State for Home Nityanand Rai gave this information in response to the question of AIMIM MP Asaduddin Owaisi. Owaisi had also asked the number of people involved in anti-national activities in the last three years, in response to which it was said that public order and police are state subjects, the figures of people arrested in such activities are not kept at the central government level.
New Delhi: The Central Government told the Lok Sabha on Tuesday that the word ‘anti-national’ has not been defined under the laws. It was also told that during the Emergency it was first included in the Constitution in 1976 and then it was removed a year later.
Union Minister of State for Home Nityanand Rai gave this information in a written reply to a question by AIMIM leader and Lok Sabha MP from Hyderabad Asaduddin Owaisi.
Owaisi had actually questioned whether the government has defined the meaning of the word anti-national under any law of the country, 11 rules or any other legal act.
In response, it was said that during the Emergency, anti-national activities were included through constitutional amendment but later it was removed.
He said that it was mentioned under the Constitution (42nd Amendment) Act, 1976 and during the Emergency the term ‘anti-national activity’ was defined under Article 31D. After this Article 31D was removed under the Constitution (43rd Amendment) Act, 1977.
According to the report of The Hindu, the minister replied, “However, there are criminal laws and various judicial pronouncements to deal with illegal and subversive activities.” In this regard it is pertinent to mention that the 42nd Amendment Act 1976 of the Constitution was included in Article 31D (during emergency) of the Constitution, which defined anti-national activity. However, later this Article 31D was removed by the 43rd Amendment Act 1977 of the Constitution.
Owaisi also asked about the details of the Supreme Court’s guidelines to deal with crime related to anti-national activities and the number of people involved in such activities in the last three years.
In response, it was said that according to the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution, public order and police are state subjects and the figures of the number of people arrested for anti-national activities are not maintained at the central government level.
“The responsibility of maintaining law and order including investigation, registration of offences, prosecution, protection of life and property rests with the concerned state government,” the reply said.
It is noteworthy that in the year 2019, when the National Crime Records Bureau released the annual crime report in India for the year 2017, a new chapter was included in it for the first time in the name of crime committed by anti-national elements.
In this chapter, three anti-national elements were described as northeast insurgents, leftists and terrorists (including jihadi terrorists).
read this also…