Peace deal with NDLF.
Manipur’s oldest militant organization United National Liberation Front signed a peace agreement with the Centre. Union Home Minister Amit Shah said in an
He termed this agreement as a historic milestone and said that a new chapter has been added to it. Let us tell you that in view of the violence in Manipur, the Central Government is considering it important to conclude a peace agreement.
UNLF, Manipur’s oldest valley-based armed group, has agreed to give up violence and join the mainstream, he wrote. The Home Minister said, “I welcome him to the democratic processes and wish him all the best for his journey on the path of peace and progress.”
Amit Shah called the agreement historic
The peace agreement signed today with the UNLF by the Government of India and the Government of Manipur marks the end of a six-decade-long armed movement.
— Amit Shah (@AmitShah) November 29, 2023
The peace accord came days after the Home Ministry banned the UNLF along with several other extremist organizations. This decision was taken after the Center felt that these organizations were involved in attacks and killings on security forces, police and civilians in Manipur as well as activities prejudicial to the sovereignty and integrity of India.
A few days ago, sources close to Manipur Chief Minister N Biren Singh had said that the state government was on the verge of reaching a peace deal with the group. Singh had also said at the Constitution Day program in Imphal on Sunday that peace talks were in an advanced stage.
Sources said informal talks had started much before the ongoing caste conflict broke out in the state on May 3 last year. This success is significant because, till now, no Meitei rebel group based in the valley had ever reached an agreement with the Center or even participated in peace talks.
What is UNLF?
The UNLF, led by Ariyabam Samarendra Singh, is the oldest Meitei militant group in the north-eastern state of Manipur. It was established on November 24, 1964. In the 70s and 80s, the group focused mainly on mobilization and recruitment. In 1990, it decided to launch an armed struggle for the ‘liberation’ of Manipur from India. In the same year, it formed an arms wing called the Manipur People’s Army (MPA).
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