Malwa Nimar region is the area where power is decided in MP.
The election campaign for the assembly elections in Madhya Pradesh has gained momentum and vigorous election campaigning is being done by all the political parties. Malwa-Nimar region has its own importance in the politics of Madhya Pradesh. It is believed that whichever political party wins in this area, it comes to power. This is the reason why both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party and Congress have put their full strength here. Everyone’s eyes are on the voting to be held in the state next week. Through the equations and mathematics of Malwa-Nimar region, which is considered very important, let us try to know why it has different importance.
Malwa-Nimar region consists of 15 districts and out of 230 assembly seats of Madhya Pradesh, 66 seats fall in this region. This is about 28.7 percent of the total seats. How politically important this area is can be understood from the fact that till now 6 Chief Ministers have emerged from here. Indore, Ujjain, Dhar, Ratlam, Mandsaur, Neemuch, Dewas, Jhabua, Alirajpur, Khargone, Badwani, Burhanpur, Khandwa, Agar Malwa and Shajapur districts fall under Malwa-Nimar zone.
Many big faces in Malwa-Nimar region
The district with the highest number of seats in this region is Indore, where there are 9 assembly seats. Then come Ujjain and Dhar districts where there are 7 seats each. Apart from these, there are 6 seats in Khargone and 5 seats each in Ratlam and Dewas. The remaining districts have 2 to 4 seats.
If we look at the famous leaders of Malwa-Nimar region, Kailash Vijayvargiya is a big face here. Bharatiya Janata Party’s national general secretary Kailash Vijayvargiya is the party’s candidate from Indore-1 seat. While his son Akash is currently the MLA from Indore-3 seat, although he has not got the ticket this time. But with the arrival of Kailash Vijayvargiya, the electoral atmosphere in the area has changed a lot. He has won elections from Indore 6 times consecutively.
Jitu Patwari is also contesting elections from this area.
Apart from Kailash Vijayvargiya, tribal leader Kantilal Bhuria is the other popular candidate of this area. Kantilal has also been a Union Minister in the government of Manmohan Singh. Former state Congress president Kantilal Bhuria is currently the MLA from Jhabua (ST) reserved seat. This time, Congress has fielded his son Dr. Vikrant Bhuria from Jhabua seat, against whom Bhanu Bhuria of BJP is challenging him.
Apart from this, another famous face of Congress is trying his luck from this region. Congress has fielded Jitu Patwari from Rau assembly seat of Indore district. Jitu Patwari is a big name emerging in the state politics in Congress. Jitu Patwari seems to be successful to some extent in filling the void created in the party after Jyotiraditya Scindia left Congress and joined BJP in 2020. The party has great hopes from Jitu Patwari in this election.
Last 3 elections in Malwa-Nimar region
If we look at some of the past political results of Malwa-Nimar region, it proves that the party winning the elections here gets a chance to form the government in the capital Bhopal. In the 2018 elections, Congress had won 35 seats from the 66-seat Malwa-Nimar region, while BJP had to be content with 28 seats. Congress, which won 35 seats from here, got a chance to form the government here. Whereas Congress got 114 seats in the elections and was just two seats away from majority.
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Then Congress formed the government in the state along with SP, BSP and other MLAs. In the elections, BJP, which ruled continuously for 15 years, was reduced to just 109 seats. However, if we look at vote share, BJP got more votes than Congress. BJP got 41% votes, while Congress got 40.9% votes. However, after about 15 months, due to massive defection in Congress, the government fell and BJP returned to power.
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In the 2013 assembly elections, BJP got a bumper victory in Malwa-Nimar region. BJP won 56 out of 66 seats, while Congress won 9. While one seat went to someone else. In the assembly elections, BJP won 165 out of 230 seats, while Congress was limited to only 58 seats. If we look at the results of 2008 elections, BJP won 41 out of 66 seats while Congress won 24 seats. While one seat went to someone else. BJP won a total of 143 seats in this election while Congress won 71 seats.
In the last assembly elections, BJP did not get full majority and was reduced to 109 seats. However, one thing is worth noting that even though BJP got less seats than Congress, BJP was ahead of Congress in terms of vote sharing. In such a situation, this time BJP is trying to overcome its past shortcomings. In the last elections, the difference between victory and defeat on 10 seats was more than one thousand votes. In such a situation, both BJP and Congress are keeping an eye on Malwa-Nimar region because the parties getting more seats are successful in forming the government here.