ISRO had created history with Chandrayaan-3.
Humans’ dream of touching the sky was fulfilled in 1969. This year, for the first time, a human stepped on the moon. And the special thing is that India Space Agency Indian Space Research Organization i.e. ISRO was also established in this year. After 54 years of its establishment, ISRO has launched missions from the moon to the sun. Till now we have launched 424 foreign satellites. More than 90 percent (389) of these satellites were launched in the last 9 years. Countries like America, United Kingdom and Singapore have expressed confidence in Indian technology.
This year ISRA took another step forward and created history. Chandrayaan-3 told the world how prepared India is. India’s flag hoisted in the world. Not only Chandrayaan, ISRO launched many such missions this year which were discussed all over the world. Know about them…
February 10: SSLV-D2/EOS-07 mission
ISRO successfully launched its smallest rocket, Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV) for the first time. With the help of SSLV-D2, EOS-07, Janus-1 and AzaadiSAT-2 satellites were placed in a circular orbit of 450 km. In this mission, Earth Observation Satellite EOS-07 was sent into space. Its weight is 156.3 kg and it was launched by ISRO itself. Had designed. Janus-1 of America’s ANTARIS 10.2 kg It is a satellite. Whereas, AzaadiSAT-2 satellite It is a joint effort of about 750 girl students from India under the leadership of Kidz India.
In this mission, ISRO had placed 36 satellites of OneWeb Group Company from the LVM3 launch vehicle in a circular orbit of 450 kilometers with an inclination of 87.4 degrees. The rocket took off with a total weight of 5 thousand 805 kg. This mission was complicated in the sense that all the satellites had to be installed after a fixed time in such a way that they would not collide with each other and they would also be installed in accurate orbits. This was the sixth consecutive successful flight of ISRO’s heaviest launch vehicle LVM3.
April 2: Reusable Launch Vehicle Autonomous Landing Mission
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) successfully conducted the Reusable Launch Vehicle Autonomous Landing Mission (RLV LEX) with the help of DRDO and Indian Air Force. The reusable launch vehicle was taken to a height of 4.5 km and released into the air by a Chinook helicopter of the Indian Air Force. Half an hour later he himself landed on the ATR air strip.
This is the first time in the world that a winged body has been launched by a helicopter at a height of 4.5 km and has landed on the runway on its own. Currently, satellite launch vehicles were destroyed after going into the sky. But through this another satellite can be launched again.
19 April: PSLV-C55/TeLEOS-2 Mission
ISRO launched two Singapore satellites TeLEOS-2 and LUMELITE-4 from Satish Dhawan Space Center in Andhra Pradesh. According to the information, TeLEOS-2 satelliteWill be able to provide day and night coverage in all weather conditions. The purpose of LUMELITE-4 is to benefit the global shipping community.ISRO’s PSLV Orbital Experimental Module i.e. POEM was also included in this mission. use it to conduct scientific experiments Will be in the form of an orbital platform.
22 May: GSLV-F12/NVS-01 Mission
ISRO had installed a navigation satellite named NVS-01 from this mission in the month of May. Its weight is 2232 kg. It was to replace the IRNSS-1G satellite launched in 2016. NVS-01 includes navigation payload. Navigation satellites are used for real-time geo positioning.
14 July: Chandrayaan-3
This mission is the most talked about space mission of the year. On July 14, Chandrayaan-3 was launched from Earth to the Moon. After a long journey of 40 days, on August 23, Chandrayaan-3 succeeded in making a soft landing on the Moon. its purpose The aim was to demonstrate the capability of a safe landing and rover on the lunar surface.
Chandrayaan-3 created history across the world. India is the fourth country to soft land a spacecraft on the Moon. Not only this, India became the first and only country to land on the South Pole. After soft landing of Vikram Lander on the MoonPragyan Rover He came out of it and roamed around on the surface of the Moon, did research and gathered new information.
Chandrayaan-3’s mission to the moon has ended. But this mission has again surprised the world. In fact, recently ISRO has placed the propulsion model of Chandrayaan-3 from an orbit near the Moon to an orbit around the Earth in a unique experiment. The propulsion model of Chandrayaan-3 is now orbiting the Earth.
30 July: PSLV-C56/DS-SAR Mission
ISRO had launched seven satellites of Singapore simultaneously on July 30. The DS-SAR satellite involved has been developed under a partnership between Singapore’s Defense Science and Technology Agency (DSTA) and ST Engineering. It will be used to support the satellite imagery needs of different agencies within the Government of Singapore.With the help of SAR payload present in it, day and night coverage will be available in every weather.
2 September: Aditya-L1 Mission
ISRO also launched India’s first solar mission Aditya-L1 this year. This mission will study the Sun from the L1 point in space. L1 i.e. Lagrangian point is located at a distance of about 15 lakh kilometers from the Earth. It will take about 4 months to reach L1 point. Aditya-L1 is expected to reach the L1 point in January 2024.
Now preparing for 2024
During the Question Hour of the ongoing winter session of Parliament, the government has given information about ISRO’s space mission to be launched in the next two years. Science and Technology Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh said that ISRO has planned missions to be launched in 2024 and 2025. These missions include- INSAT-3DS, RISAT-1B, Resourcesat-3, TDS01, SPADEX, Oceansat-3A, IDRSS, GSAT-20 and NVS-02. Apart from this, preparations are going on rapidly to send 3 Indians to space through Gaganyaan Mission.
After Mars, the space agency’s attention is now focused on Venus. ISRO’s spacecraft ‘Shukrayaan-1’ is likely to be launched by the end of December 2024. In the coming years, ISRO will launch three satellites to monitor the Earth and discover some of the most amazing objects in space. Other than this America’s Space Agency Work on NISAR is also being done in collaboration with NASA. With this, the entire earth can be mapped in just 12 days. The data obtained from this will provide information to scientists to better understand the effects of climate change.
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