Representative ImageImage Credit source: freepik
India will build a smart fence on the Myanmar border. It will be built up to 100 km range of the border. The Home Ministry has decided to create smart fences to further strengthen the existing surveillance system. This decision has been taken due to the caste violence in Manipur. Let us know what smart fence is and how and how much it is different from ordinary fence.
Let us tell you that this announcement has been made at a time when the unfenced border and irregular migration from Myanmar have been blamed for the ethnic violence in Manipur, due to which more than 180 people have died in the state since the violence in May. Death has occurred. The fencing plan was announced in the Home Ministry’s annual report for 2022-23 published last week, in which the government said 201 militancy-related incidents were recorded across all north-eastern states and 137 such incidents were recorded in Manipur. Are.
What are smart fences?
Smart Fence is a part of the government’s comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS). It works as both a surveillance device and warning system through cameras, sensors, laser and radar systems. State-of-the-art sensors and CCTV cameras can detect even the slightest movement at the border and send alerts to the control centre. Whereas a normal fence is just a circle of wires.
What is the specialty of smart fence?
Smart-technology-assisted fences include multiple devices including sensors, networks, intelligence, data storage, command and control solutions. It also includes a laser-based intruder alarm system at the borders. During smart fencing, sensors like thermal images, underground sensors, fiber optical sensors, radar and sonar are installed on towers, pillars and aerostats for round-the-clock monitoring of the situation. The ground surveillance radar of smart fencing can scan 180 degrees of the boundary and detect vehicles at a distance of 15 km and humans at a distance of 5 km.
How does it help in border security?
This project is a part of the central government’s plan to completely seal the border with Pakistan, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Security forces can monitor the border through a monitor system sitting inside their control room. As soon as there is any intrusion attempt, the alarm starts ringing. India’s first ‘smart fence’ pilot project was launched in 2018 by then Home Minister Rajnath Singh along the India-Pakistan border.
FMR is applicable between India and Myanmar
A free movement regime (FMR) is in force between India and Myanmar. Under the FMR, every member of the hill tribes, who is a citizen of either India or Myanmar and is a resident of any area within 16 km on either side of the India-Myanmar border. He can cross the border by showing a border pass, issued by a competent authority and can stay for up to two weeks per visit.
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