Rani Chennamma is also called Lakshmibai of Karnataka.
She was brave. She was expert in weaponry. Once there was tremendous terror of tiger in Kittur state. King Mallasarja himself set out to hunt the cannibal. The tiger was killed with one arrow. When the king came closer to the tiger, he found two arrows shot at it. They did not understand that when they shot only one arrow, then who shot the second arrow? Then his eyes fell on a brave woman standing some distance away, who had a bow, arrow and a quiver in her hand.
The king understood that the girl also had an equal contribution in killing the tiger. The king was very impressed by his bravery. Later he married that girl and the ordinary girl of the village became the queen of Kittur. Name was Chennamma. In later days, Rani Chennamma became very famous. Who was called Lakshmibai of Karnataka.
The first ruler to fight the British
The people of Karnataka proudly narrate his stories to their children even today. She was the first ruler who decided to take on the British and won. This happened before 1857. Veerangana is also before Lakshmibai. The Government of India has issued a postal stamp in his honour.
Kittur festival is still celebrated in his memory every year on 22 to 24 October. The story of Rani Chennamma is both interesting and inspiring. He was born in a very ordinary family. He was born on 23 October 1778 in Kakali, a small village of Belgami. Father was Dhulappa and mother was Padmavati. Somehow life was going on. But not only the parents but also the people of the village and the surrounding areas were greatly impressed by Chennamma’s sharp intellect. Gradually she grew up. During this period, along with studies, the study of weaponry also continued.
That incident when it became an example of being a brave woman
To deal with the tiger terror in the area, this girl left quietly. A tiger was hit by two arrows at the same time, one shot by the king and the other by Chennamma. From here the path was cleared for that brave woman to become a queen. The king got married. A son was born.
Queen Chennamma’s luck was so bad that both the king and his son died within a few days of each other. Now he had his subjects in the form of his son. There was terror of the British in the entire area. After the untimely demise of her husband and son, Rani had adopted a child.
Gave a befitting reply to the British
The British set their sights on Kittur state and its wealth. He attacked. Under the leadership of Rani Chennamma, her small army not only defeated the British but also killed some officers and some were taken hostage. Later the queen also released the officers held hostage but the British could not digest this defeat.
After a few days they again attacked Kittur. This time he had come more prepared and Rani was not at all prepared for this. This time the British arrested him and kept him in a fort. He died there also on 21 February 1829.
When Rani Chennamma took on the British
The main reason for the attack on Kittur was that Queen Chennamma declared her adopted child Shivalingappa as her successor. The British had made a policy. The name was Doctrine of Lapse. Under this, the adopted son could not be the heir to the state. The British ordered the queen to remove Shivalingappa from the post. If she had done this, the British would have captured Kittur. This was the rule of his policy. After the queen’s refusal, the British attacked, in which they suffered a severe defeat for the first time.
The British were taken hostage
This battle took place in October 1824. British officer St. John was killed in this. Sir Walter and Stevenson were taken hostage by the Kittur army. Then the queen left them with the promise of not fighting but the British turned out to be cunning. Next time they came with more force and the conflict became more intense. Both sides suffered losses. Rani was arrested. He was kept in Belhongal Fort, where he died. She also opposed many policies of the British. That’s why the British were irritated with him.
History says, she was the first ruler to fight a face-to-face war against the British. However, less has been written about her in history or it can be said that she has not received the respect she deserved. In later days, his statue was installed in the Parliament complex. In the year 1977, the Government of India issued a postage stamp.
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