Subhash Chandra Bose had formed the temporary government of India.
Subhash Chandra Bose had formed the temporary government of India in Singapore even before independence, which was also recognized by many countries including Japan. 21 October 1943 is an important event in the history of India’s freedom struggle. On this day, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose announced the formation of a temporary government of united India in Singapore and it was also recognized by more than 10 countries. In this way, today is the 80th anniversary of this first government formed after many struggles. The contribution of Subhash Chandra Bose, the supreme commander of Azad Hind Fauj, in the formation of the government is still recorded in the pages of history. Let us know some interesting stories related to Azad Hind Fauj.
The British were afraid of him. He had 85 thousand armed soldiers. Had our own radio station. He was the first freedom fighter who had already declared independence by hoisting the tricolor flag in Andaman and Nicobar. When he disagreed with Gandhiji, he kept a distance and then went to many countries of the world and started creating an environment for India’s independence. This was his own way. With foreign support he wrote many histories. Netaji was handed over the command of Azad Hind Fauj on foreign soil. He formed the government of united India on foreign soil. His army also tried to attack the British army from outside. Subhash Chandra Bose went to jail a total of six times.
When was Azad Hind Fauj formed?
Azad Hind Fauj was first formed by Raja Mahendra Pratap Singh, Rash Bihari Bose and Niranjan Singh Gill on 29 October 1915, which was called the army of Azad Hind government at that time. It got the name of Azad Hind Fauj when Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was appointed the supreme commander of this army. He was given this responsibility by Rash Bihari Bose, who himself was a great lover of independence. He saw in Netaji a fire which was capable of burning the British to ashes. Initially the British did not take it very seriously but after Netaji took command, the British became active. Arrests started and army soldiers started being tortured.
The British used to put to death together
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre is the most famous incident since India’s independence. It is not clear till date how many people were killed by the British government in that incident. It is believed that hundreds of people were killed and a large number were also injured. 2300 people belonging to Azad Hindi Fauj were roasted together by the British Army with machine guns in Neelganj area of West Bengal. This audacious incident took place on 25 September 1945 and is rarely discussed. Today, the Central Institute for Jute and Allied Research of the Government of India is operating from the same land.
The trial was conducted in the open
The British were so angry with the soldiers of Azad Hind Fauj that they decided to prosecute them in the open. He was kept captive in the Red Fort of Delhi. It was here that the decision was taken to prosecute them. As soon as Mahatma Gandhi went to meet the army soldiers after receiving the information, he got information about Hindu-Muslim tea. At that time there were people of all castes and religions in the army. When the British used to serve separate teas calling them Hindu and Muslim, the fans of Azad Hind Fauj would mix them together and drink them.
Gandhi already knew that the British wanted to rule by fighting Hindus and Muslims. When he came to know about this incident, he got a reason to strengthen his views and amidst many disagreements, he called Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose a fighter in the true sense. Because it was the effect of Netaji’s training that the Hindu-Muslim tea given by the British became human tea.
There was a women’s unit in Azad Hind Fauj.
Netaji had set up a women’s unit in the Azad Hind Fauj at a time when people did not even allow women to leave the house. He gave such training to women that they had expertise in medical and espionage. The names of spies like Neera Arya and Saraswati Rajamani are taken with pride. These people used to reach the British units in different forms and collect information and send it to the leader.
Azad Hind Fauj had its own bank
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose had his own bank, currency and postage stamps. Recalling some of his good deeds from the ramparts of the Red Fort a few years ago, Prime Minister Narendra Modi described the formation of Azad Hind government, Rashtriya Azad Bank, Azad Hind Radio and Rani Jhansi Regiment as important. He also said that Netaji explained the most important thing to the countrymen about the meaning of independence. The country can never forget his contribution.
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